Two thirds of schools’ fire protection systems “poor”

18 September 2019 | By Neil Gerrard

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Fire protection systems in two thirds (67%) of English schools are rated as “poor”.

That’s according to insurer Zurich Municipal, which is calling for urgent changes in regulation to make the installation of sprinklers in all new and major refurbished schools in England mandatory.

Only one in 20 schools in England were rated as “excellent”, compared to a third (29%) in Scotland, sprinkler systems are legally required in all new and major refurbished schools, according to Zurich’s analysis of 1,000 site surveys across the UK.

According to the study, the five biggest fire risks include: lack of fixed fire protection including sprinklers, building combustibility and modern construction methods, fire detection, arson, as well as housekeeping and smoking controls.

Zurich found that children in the West Midlands, Wales, South East, Greater London and South West were at the highest risk of major fire incidents. Schools in Scotland, East Midlands, North East, North West and Yorkshire & Humberside achieved the most positive scores for fire detection and protection risk management practices, making them the safest regions in the UK.

There are more than 1,000 fires in school premises every year, which cost on average £2.8m for the larger incidents, according to Zurich. Fortunately there were no fatalities from school fires in the eight years up to 2017/18 but there were 244 casualties, according to official figures.

'Urgent action'

In August 2019, Zurich Municipal issued a letter to the Department for Education calling on the Government to take urgent action to protect school premises and communities by updating the relevant building regulations and building bulletin standards to make sprinkler systems mandatory in all new and major refurbished schools in the UK. The letter was signed by industry bodies such as; Association of British Insurers, Fire Protection Association, National Education Union, National Fire Chiefs’ Council and others.

Tilden Watson, head of education at Zurich Municipal, said: “A change in government legislation to make sprinklers in schools mandatory not only protects children while they are in school, it often contains the fire to the room it starts in when it happens out of school hours. Not only does this minimise the level of damage caused, it also negates the aftermath which often leads to months or even years of disruption for children’s education while the school is repaired. Schools are not just attended by children, they are community hubs which are used outside of school hours by a range of societies and organisations. The loss of these spaces can have significant impacts on local communities lacking accommodation for night classes and local events whilst the school also loses the rental income.

“Preventative action and the mandatory installation of sprinklers as well as the removal of combustible materials could eliminate the impact of loss and disruption to the community, and significantly reduce the cost to the taxpayer for repairs. We urge the government to regulate and provide improved guidance which clearly requires the mandatory implementation of sprinklers in all new build and major refurbished schools.”

Andy Dark, Fire Brigades Union assistant general secretary, commented: "We’ve made it clear in the past that newly built schools and other high-risk buildings should have sprinkler systems and we fully support Zurich Municipal’s call on the government to change the law to make them mandatory. Ideally, sprinklers would be fitted in all schools of whatever age and size. Sprinklers can assist in limiting the spread of fire, the damage it will cause and giving occupants additional time to escape, as well as reducing the risks faced by firefighters attending the incident."

“After a decade of austerity, the fire and rescue service is hanging by a thread. With slowing response times and massive cuts to firefighter jobs, a sprinkler system could make the crucial difference, saving a school from destruction in a fire. Building schools on the cheap is counterproductive - and the cost could be the complete disruption of our children's education. We need to invest in schools as a part of investing in our future."


Schools are usually burnt down by former pupils the school has, for whatever reason, failed to teach them the necessity of not taking out their frustrations on public infrastructure.

As a risk to the health of the pupils who are not trying to burn down their school while in it, that is as near zero as it is possible to be. Schools will almost certainly suffer more loss due to flooding from sprinklers set off by accident (or more probably design) than they do from fire at present.

Investing in sprinklers is no substitute for investing in education, and the two should not be construed as being the same. Get the education right and schools will not burn down. Simple. Phrases like 'massive cuts' 'complete disruption' look as it they have been taken out of The Remoaners Guide to Brexit. Not a place to look for wisdom in spending education budgets.

owen jordan, 19 September 2019

Excellent sprinklers should be in every, school. This in my opinion makes perfect sense.

Robert Foley, 19 September 2019

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