British Steel insolvency: the construction implications
Image: Laying new track on Dalwearie Bridge, Kintore (Network Rail)
The UK’s second-biggest steelmaker, British Steel, was yesterday placed in compulsory liquidation, putting at risk 5,000 direct jobs and endangering 20,000 more in its supply chain.
It came after the failure of talks between the UK government and the company’s new owner, Greybull Capital, which had sought a rescue loan of £30m.
Greybull bought the company for just £1 from Tata Steel in 2016, rebranding it British Steel. It went from a loss of £79m in 2016 to a profit of £68m in 2018.
Its difficulties have been blamed on a slump in orders from European customers due to Brexit uncertainty, the weakness of the pound since the EU referendum, and the escalating US-China trade war.
The government’s Official Receiver has taken control of the company, and accountancy firm EY has been made Special Manager. They will try to find a buyer. British Steel will continue trading in the meantime.
UK construction and infrastructure would feel the impact if British Steel collapses.
Network Rail, owner and infrastructure manager of Britain’s railway, procures 95% of its rail from British Steel’s flagship plant in Scunthorpe.
Network Rail said: “We have been working closely with British Steel and colleagues across government for many weeks. We have done what we can to help ease the company’s financial difficulties. We have improved our order book with the company – increasing rail production volumes, bringing orders forward and committing to a long-term schedule – as well as offering immediate payment to ease the pressure on cash flow.”
It added: “We are confident that we remain able to carry out critical work on the railway in the coming months and beyond. Longer term we have plans in place so that we can continue to deliver the reliable railway millions of people depend on every day.”
In February, British Steel signed an eight-year rail supply agreement with Northern Ireland’s Translink.
Other countries will feel the impact as well. Last year British Steel won contracts to supply 86,000 tonnes of rail to Italy’s Rete Ferroviaria Italiana, and a four-year agreement to supply up to 40,000 tonnes of rail a year to Belgium’s Infrabel.
Some large construction projects might need to look elsewhere for steel already ordered. In April, British Steel announced a £1.3m contract to supply structural sections for the £55m Teesside Advanced Manufacturing Park in Middlesbrough.
British Steel’s liquidation follows the launch of a government-supported initiative, called the UK Steel Charter, to encourage government departments to purchase more UK steel for projects including high-speed rail (HS2) and the £14bn expansion of Heathrow Airport.
Industry body UK Steel said: “With just over half of the steel purchased for UK construction projects currently coming from abroad (6 million tonnes annually), the potential to purchase more steel from UK producers is significant and would boost steel production, support steel jobs and communities, strengthen manufacturing supply chains, and increase UK GDP.”